A Competitive Equity Lineup
With roots tracing to 1931, the firm has become the biggest active asset manager in the United States by delivering strong investment results over full market cycles, often because of its equity funds' resilience in downturns. Their early 2018 showing is in keeping with this long-held pattern. Indeed, when the S&P 500 dropped 10.1% in nine trading days between Jan. 29 and Feb. 8, each of the firm's seven domestic-equity funds lost less, ranging from 36 to 163 fewer basis points. Performance like that helps explain the lineup's competitive record over the past 20 years, a period that includes numerous corrections as well as the 2000-02 dot-com bear market, when most American Funds' offerings distinguished themselves, and the 2007-09 credit crisis, when the lineup had less success but still held up relatively well.
As the accompanying table shows, 10 of 11 American Funds equity offerings beat their benchmarks on both an absolute and risk-adjusted basis over the past 20 years through February 2018 and placed in the top quartile or better of their peer group. American Funds Smallcap World
's record was not quite as strong in part because of a poor showing in the early-2000s bear market. Overall, though, investors in the American Funds lineup have been rewarded handsomely the past two decades.
The firm's multimanager system should keep its equity lineup competitive. Dividing each fund's asset base into separately run sleeves enhances diversification, minimizes key-person risk, and helps recruit and develop top talent through analyst-led research portfolios. Of the 14 American Funds equity offerings with a Morningstar Analyst Rating, 13 are medalists: 10 Gold, one Silver, and two Bronze. The one Neutral-rated fund, American Funds Developing World Growth and Income
, has struggled since its February 2014 inception. The fund did fare well in 2018's emerging-markets correction, however, and there's reason to believe it can build on that success. Like its American Funds equity siblings, Developing World Growth and Income's managers are veterans who invest alongside shareholders, draw on a deep analyst bench, and face a lower fee hurdle than most rivals.
Funds of Funds: Attractive, but Allocation Questions Remain
The firm's equity offerings give its funds of funds an attractive foundation. The American Funds Target Date Retirement series earns a Morningstar Analyst Rating of Silver as do the three rated funds within the American Funds Portfolio series: American Funds Conservative Growth and Income
(formerly American Funds Income) , American Funds Moderate Growth and Income
(formerly American Funds Balanced) , and American Funds Growth and Income
As attractive as Capital Group's funds of funds are, questions about their asset allocation remain. American Funds Target Date Retirement series' vintages receive Neutral Process Pillar ratings, as do the three American Funds Portfolio series offerings. The committee overseeing both series has largely relied on an objectives-based approach that allocates assets to broad categories such as "growth" and "growth and income," and it has been slower than most to incorporate industry standard tools like capital market assumptions, Monte Carlo simulations, and mean-variance optimizers into its allocation considerations. The committee's preference to let the decisions of the underlying fund managers influence asset allocation, rather than set strategic asset-class weightings, falls in line with the firm's fundamentals-based approach. Still, the committee faces unique challenges in combining American Funds to produce portfolios with optimal asset allocation. For example, those who are at the beginning of their investment lives would arguably benefit from being more fully invested in equities. American Funds 2060 Target Date Retirement
's year-end 2017 asset mix included a 7.2% cash position, which was then one of the Morningstar Category's highest out of about 50 peers and 5.7 percentage points more than the median. The vintage's underlying equity funds' sizable cash stakes, which tend to persist, accounted for that position rather than the committee's strategic view on cash as an asset class.
Fixed Income Turns a Corner
Fixed-income operations at Capital Group have made great strides since the financial crisis. They have added risk-management and derivatives capabilities, sought to foster greater cohesion through macroeconomic guidance, and hired external investment talent, including high-yield expert Shannon Ward in mid-2017. The combined impact of such changes has started to show through in discussions with managers as well as in the portfolios, and this was a major impetus for ratings changes in December 2017 and January 2018. Morningstar upgraded the Analyst Ratings for American Funds Bond Fund of America
and American Funds Intermediate Bond Fund of America
to Bronze from Neutral and both funds' Process Pillar ratings to Positive from Neutral. In addition, coverage of American Funds U.S. Government Securities
resumed with a Bronze Analyst Rating and a Positive Process Pillar rating, in contrast to the fund's Neutral ratings when last assessed in July 2012.
The firm's bond side has turned the proverbial corner in many respects, but it has further to go. Although it now has the tools in place to compete with best-in-class fixed-income shops, Capital Group's investment professionals could become more seasoned in their use. Indeed, only in April 2018 will the firm exclusively transition to BlackRock's multifaceted Aladdin risk-management system, a step that has been years in the making. The late-2017 addition of Ward to American Funds American High-Income Trust
's management team holds promise, but the firm has reshaped that team since 2015 and it will need time to jell, something that figures into its Neutral rating.
Dating to founder Jonathan Bell Lovelace's involvement in drafting the Investment Company Act of 1940, Capital Group has long established itself as an industry leader. That continues in mutual fund pricing and distribution. As noted previously, active managers are grappling with fee pressure brought on by low-cost passive strategies and implementation (albeit delayed) of the Department of Labor's fiduciary rule. The rule places a higher investment-recommendation standard on tax-advantaged retirement accounts, and many industry participants expect this heightened standard will apply in practice to most nonretirement accounts, too. The rule is a challenge for asset managers with business models built in part on embedding distribution charges into retail share classes' expense ratios as it raises the bar for recommending them over cheaper options. Capital Group has shown a way forward for these asset managers and the advisors who use them by promoting the use of clean share classes, which include management fees and administrative charges but no distribution costs. The firm's R6 and recently launched F3 shares both fit this bill. They allow investors to hold compelling offerings like American Funds American Mutual
for 30 basis points per year.
As use of clean share classes becomes widespread, investors will have a better idea of what they're paying to brokers and asset managers for their respective services. They'll also be able to better compare the investment-related charges for clean shares of actively managed open-end mutual funds with exchange-traded funds as well as weigh the relative costs of fee-based versus commission-based accounts. The adoption of American Funds' clean F3 shares to create new pricing and brokerage options has been slow thus far, but it has happened at PNC. F3 shares are also seeing use in advisory accounts at Edward Jones, Mass Mutual, and J.P. Morgan.
To Be Continued …
Capital Group's promotion of clean shares comes amid efforts to make its lineup more accessible. The firm's no-load F1 shares are now available to investors on various brokerage platforms, including Schwab, Fidelity, and Vanguard. The firm is also leveraging its equity operations to expand overseas. A forthcoming Fund Spy will look at the resurgence in flows that has accompanied these efforts and the challenge Capital Group now faces to explore its own capacity limits. Staying ahead of capacity problems will be key if the firm wants to repeat in the next 20 years its success of the previous two decades.