We first screen the Morningstar US Market Index for dividend-payers. (The dividend must come from qualified income, so real estate investment trusts are not included.) We then apply the quality screens: We search the high-yielders for companies that have Morningstar Economic Moat Ratings
of wide or narrow, meaning that we think they have competitive advantages that will allow them to continue to earn above-average profits and sustain their dividends for 20 or 10 years, respectively. We also consider a company's Morningstar distance to default ratio, a metric that uses market information and accounting data to determine how likely a firm is to default on its liabilities.
The 75 highest-yielding stocks that make it through the quality screen are then included in the index. The index is dividend dollar-weighted (constituents are weighted according to the total dividends paid by the company to investors). See the current holdings here
10 Cheapest Stocks in the Index
The following 10 stocks are currently the cheapest in the index terms of price/fair value. (We assign a fair value only to those stocks under our coverage; 82% of the index comprises stocks that are under coverage.)
My interest was piqued in particular by three consumer defensive stocks: Kellogg Co
, Campbell Soup
, and General Mills
--each is more than 10% undervalued. These stocks have not escaped the headwinds facing the packaged foods industry in general; players in this space have been challenged by intense competition from other brands as well as lower-priced private-label offerings. Inflation has also created a hurdle as has a consolidating retailer base that is struggling to bolster traffic, says sector director Erin Lash. But all three firms boast moat-worthy characteristics: brand intangible assets and cost advantages.
The last time General Mills traded at this big a discount to our fair value estimate was 2008; the stock spent most of 2016 trading in an overvalued range relative to our fair value. Lash believes General Mills possesses a narrow economic moat.
"Operating as a leading packaged food manufacturer with around 30% share of the domestic ready-to-eat cereal aisle, 70% share of refrigerated baked goods, and more than 40% share of grain snacks, General Mills is a valued partner for retailers," said Lash.
Similarly, Kellogg also boasts a strong competitive position, but recent results have been tepid. Lash believes that demand will continue for trusted manufacturers like Kellogg that supply products across multiple categories, including cereal, snacks, and frozen items, as retailers are reluctant to risk costly out-of-stocks with unproven suppliers.
Campbell Soup boasts a wide moat with its iconic brand and nearly 60% share of the soup aisle. Campbell gains a particularly strong cost edge from its global distribution network. The soup manufacturer has generated returns on invested capital (including goodwill) of 18% on average, in excess of our 7% cost of capital estimate in the last 10 years, Lash said, and she expects the firm will continue generating excess returns.
New Dividend-Payers in the Index
In the table below, we show the newest entrants to the Dividend Yield Focus Index that pass our strict requirements for high yields, sustainable competitive advantages, and financial health. Note that the dividend yields listed below are backward-looking and could change.
Stocks Removed from the Index
On the flip side, 13 companies were removed from the index. We removed only 13 stocks during the latest reconstitution because index holding Reynolds American stopped trading in late July when it was acquired by British American Tobacco
No companies were removed owing to changes in the moat rating or fair value uncertainty rating during the most recent reconstitution.
Six companies--Idacorp , Lockheed Martin
, Johnson & Johnson
, and Texas Instruments
--were removed from the index because their dividends were no longer among the 75 highest-yielding quality firms (as measured by economic moat and distance to default).
The other seven companies were removed because the company's distance to default ratio crept into a range that we weren't comfortable with.
Distance to default is another other safety-oriented metric that we use to build the index. True to its name, it's focused on financial health. Distance to default uses option-pricing theory to measure whether a firm is falling into financial distress. It's gauging whether the value of a company's assets will fall below the sum of its liabilities. If a company is in distress, the dividend is at risk and there's trouble ahead. So, like moat, distance to default is another important screen for this index. (Read more about distance to default here
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Correction: An earlier version of this article stated "82% of the index comprises stocks that are not under coverage." This has been corrected to say "82% of the index comprises stocks that are under coverage."