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UPDATE: These are the 20 worst commutes in America12-7-17 7:25 PM EST

By Alessandra Malito, MarketWatch

The top spot does not belong to New York, Chicago or Los Angeles

New York and Los Angeles may be known for the most traffic-strewn highways, but the metropolitan area with the longest average one-way commute is East Stroudsburg, Penn.

That city topped the chart with 38.6 minutes one way, according to the Census Bureau's latest American Community Survey 5-year estimates, ahead of New York and Jersey City with 37.1 minutes and New York and Newark areas with 35.9 minutes. Silver Spring, Md. came in fourth with 34.6 minutes one way, with Washington, D.C. right behind it at 34.4 minutes.

U.S. Census Bureau research has found that those who rely on public transportation typically have the longest commutes, even and especially workers who leave earliest in the morning. Workers who walk to work unsurprisingly have the shortest travel time. And workers who carpool take longer to get to work than those who drive alone.

Cities                                                       Average minutesone-waycommute times 
East Stroudsburg, PA Metro Area                                             38.6 
New York-Jersey City-White Plains, NY-NJ Metro Division                     37.1 
New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA Metro Area                            35.9 
Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville, MD Metro Division                        34.6 
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metro Area                     34.4 
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metro Division                 34.4 
Picayune, MS Micro Area                                                     34.0 
Dutchess County-Putnam County, NY Metro Division                            33.9 
Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley, CA Metro Division                                 33.5 
Nassau County-Suffolk County, NY Metro Division                             33.4 
Bogalusa, LA Micro Area                                                     33.1 
Newark, NJ-PA Metro Division                                                32.7 
Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights, IL Metro Division                     32.2 
San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA Metro Area                                32.1 
Boston, MA Metro Division                                                   32.0 
Shelton, WA Micro Area                                                      31.9 
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA Metro Area                             31.8 
San Juan-Carolina-Caguas, PR Metro Area                                     31.6 
Philadelphia, PA Metro Division                                             31.5 
Fernley, NV Micro Area                                                      31.4 

See:A $40 toll for a 10-mile trip? This is the new infrastructure math (

About 2.2 million U.S. workers have at least a one-hour commute to and from work, according to the U.S. Census Bureau, and those hours spent in transit could be stressful, potentially ruining health and marriages ( Here are a few ways how:

-- One-in-three employees with commutes of more than an hour and a half complain of pain in their necks and backs, a 2010 Gallup survey of more than 173,000 workers found.

-- There is a 40% chance of separation or divorce with long commutes, according to a 2011 study by social geographer Erika Sandow at Umea University in Sweden, likely because of the strain it puts on one spouse over the other for household chores and childcare, or because of the financial burdens of commuting.

-- The longer the person is stuck commuting to and from work, the less time they have to exercise or feel the motivation to make healthier food purchases, a 2009 study by the Department of Community Health at Brown University found.

Of course, many metro areas have long commutes that are far from average. In Normantown, W. Va, some citizens face a commute of more than 109 minutes, according to an analysis by car parts provider Auto Accessories Garage.

Also see: How the daily commute is going to change (

About 86% of commuters drive to work, with more than three-quarters driving alone, according to Census Bureau data ( About 10% carpooled, a little more than 5% take mass transit, and more than 2% walk to work and less than 1% ride a bicycle.

Approximately two-thirds of commuters say they actually enjoy "me time" on their morning and evening commute, a 2015 survey by Citi found ( Some call family or friends (27%), read a book or magazine (13%) and/or listen to music (85%).

-Alessandra Malito; 415-439-6400;

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(END) Dow Jones Newswires

12-07-17 1925ET

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